Art & Culture
Bengal has its own platinum treasures but due to rapid urbanization and cutting down of forests, the tribal treasures are lost in amid of the jungle. A large section of the tribes of Bengal lives in the belts of Jhargram. The aboriginals of here are famous for their dances; likewise the neighboring land Bankura is famous for its handcrafts. Detailed below are some of the tribal dances which are on the pinnacle of extinction.

Bhuang: It is one of the most popular dances of the tribals. This dance is celebrated on the auspicious day of Vijaya Dashami during the Durga Puja. This is only danced by the male members of the clan. There is a belief that the artists will be wearing dhuties upto knee, napkin around waist, red tape in unpolished hair, and feathers of peacock tucked on head, dance from day till night. The extraordinary musical instrument is made of pumpkin.

Chang: Deep in the forest and far away from the hunting tribe - Lodha Sabars reside. The forest is their heavenly abode, and their only dance is Chang. It is held during festivals, marriage, at times in funerals also. An instrument called "Changu" like daffli is made from Karat tree is played during the dance. Five to seven of the male artists dance from eve till the mid night. This dance is not very popular to the greater world. Due to rapid economic development and urban culture these tribes and dances are always subdued. Though it is still found in the jungles of Jhargram, being civilized these is our part to preserve the culture of tribal dance.

Chau: The dance is performed by male dancers with masks from the people from local communities like the Mundas, Mahatos and Kurmis. It is performed at night in an open space, callejd akhada or asar, to traditional and folk music, played on the reed pipes mohuri and shehnai. A variety of drums accompany the music ensemble including the dhol (a cylindrical drum), dhumsa (a large kettle drum) and kharka or chad-chadi. The themes for these dances include local legendsj, folklore and episodes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata and other abstract themes.This dance originally belongs to the neighboring district of Purulia.

Dangery: This is a war dance for the hunters. Only the male takes part before they go for hunting. The youth with all their vigor show their heroic attitude. Instruments like madals, dhamsas are used, and arms like bows arrows, tangi are used. in a regular basis.

Jhumur: Jhumur has a special gharana as it descends from Chotanagpur Plateau. The dance is mostly performed in open places (now-a-days in cultural gatherings also). The male members wear long traditional dresses and keep the rhythm with few traditional instruments generally a drum, hung on shoulder; a flute and a pair of "Taal" (two metallic discs). The girls mostly perform the dancing part, holding each other's waist and movnig hands and legs forward and backward synchronously. The lyrics of Jhumur are built on day-to-day languages and mostly depict love and or pleasures and pains of day-to-day life.

Panta: In the local dialect Panta means group. Both male and female take part in the folk dance. This dance is of the aboriginals of Bhumij tribe.

Ranpa: This is typical dance of the Mundari clan. Only the male artists take part in this dance and have to work hard during the dance. The artists stands up on a ladder to dance and have chances of falling down if they lose their concentration. These artists are young and wear dhuties, red napkins, red tape on the forehead, stalking on feet. Musical instruments used here are madal and dhamsas.